Writing Calligraphy

by admin on August 4, 2008

Writing Calligraphy

Writing Calligraphy

Calligraphy Pens

The Calligraphy pens can be traced back to the ancient civilization. The ancient civilization used a stylus on the clay tablets; these were generally used by the Sumerians and the Babylonians. The Ancient Romans also used a tool for writing which was the stylus with the wax tablets. The Chinese Calligraphy was complex and renowned in those times; they used a brush instead of a tool for the Calligraphy pen. Reed pens and quills were also used as a calligraphy pen by monks and saints in the middle age era.

As years went by the Calligraphy pens also went through a few changes. The reed pens actually used inks in them, bamboo or bulrushes were used by the middle age people. Quills replaced the reed pens in the medieval age till steel tips were, they could be shaped often when it blunts off. Metal nibbed calligraphy pens were used in ancient Rome, the metal stylus was scribed into thin wax sheets. Glass Calligraphy pens were used in the 16th century in Venice; they were used to create a steady monocline mark. They were deemed a delicate and fine tool.

The Chinese Calligraphy pen was nothing similar to their western contemporaries; they followed a complex and intricate form of Calligraphy and the tools used were also unique. They use Calligraphy brush instead of a pen; the brush looks simple for a person who is unaware of its detailed methods of manufacturing, it is made either from goat’s hair or wolfs hair. The brush itself is made of two or more layers, the first layer being an inner core which consists of a string of short hairs; they are surrounded by an outer layer of long hairs that end at the tip of the brush. These brush are stiff and strong producing sharp strokes.

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Writing Cursive Italic Calligraphy : Writing Complete Words in Cursive Italic Calligraphy

What was Islamic calligraphy written on?

Parchment, manuscript, paper, papyrus? I honestly don't know. . .

In the early Islamic period, calligraphy was written on parchment or papyrus from Egypt. The introduction of paper from China in the middle of the 9th century greatly helped the art of calligraphy, as paper was cheaper, more abundant, easier to cut, and took color better than the previously used writing materials. The Islamic writing instrument was called a qalam, and was usually made from a reed. The best reeds came from the Persian Gulf region, and they were a valued object of trade throughout the Islamic world. The initial task of the calligrapher, and the one that remained the most important, was copying the Qur'an. Early Qur'ans were very large, sometimes several feet across when opened, and meticulously detailed in artistry. From there, calligraphy grew into one of the greatest Islamic arts, as it was used to decorate almost any surface. Religious architecture almost always featured inscriptions in Arabic calligraphy, usually verses from the Qur'an, in place of iconography. On coinage, calligraphy replaced images of rulers early in the Islamic period, as the ruler's name became more important than his face in symbolising the state. The Ottoman Empire in fact created an official monogram, called the tughra, for each sultan. The calligraphic writing of each sultan's name, and that of his father, with the Turkish title khan and the words "ever victorious," was used as the sign of the sultan. This proliferation of writing above pictorial imagery suggests a relatively literate population, since imagery has often been used throughout history for the benefit of the illiterate. Indeed, the Islamic emphasis on learning and knowledge, as well as prolific book production, led to a much more literate population than in medieval Europe. But even among those who could not read the calligraphic inscriptions on various materials, the writing served as a type of picture, and the illiterate population could still appreciate its artistic beauty, without knowing what it said.

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